The pressure and temperature in a steam boiler are increased by constantly supplying energy so that the liquid medium (in most cases water) becomes gaseous. Steam boilers are monitored by safety devices which are electrically connected in series, the so-called “safety chain”. If one of the monitoring or control devices trips, an alarm is triggered and the entire system or the affected system component is switched off.
The ET 860 trainer enables a steam boiler simulation to demonstrate the operating principle and response behaviour of a safety chain according to legal regulations. The trainer has a closed water circuit which consists of a supply tank, a pump and a transparent steam boiler model with burner. The boiler is equipped with industrial components which monitor and/or regulate the water level and the pressure. The components used have a high practical relevance. The safety chain for the burner is functional. Burner operation is simulated.
In addition to the safety devices, the system is equipped with 15 fault circuits. This enables the simulation of system component faults so that students can learn how to localise the faults.
Sensors measure the water level and the pressure. The measured values are transmitted directly to a PC via USB. The data acquisition software is included. The process schematic with the safety components, the pressure curves and a representation of the water level can be observed in the software.