Identifying faults in refrigeration systems requires comprehensive knowledge This includes knowledge of the structure and the task of the individual components. With ET 412C, the design and components of a refrigeration system can be examined. The simulation of typical errors extends the scope of the experiment.
The components of a refrigeration circuit with refrigeration and freezing chambers are arranged clearly in the trainer. Solenoid valves enable the individual or parallel operation of the evaporators in the two chambers. The circuit is equipped with a combined pressure switch for the delivery and intake side of the compressor. The refrigeration chamber features an evaporation pressure controller. The effect of the evaporation pressure controller on the overall process is being examined. An inner heat exchanger in the inlet of the two evaporators is used for supercooling the refrigerant to increase the efficiency of the process. At the same time the intake gas is superheated.
An electric defrost heater is available to defrost the freezing chamber. The simulation of 18 different faults, e.g. faulty solenoid valves or faulty relays, is provided for.
The process schematic at the trainer offers a quick overview. Signal lamps in the process schematic indicate the operating state of selected components.
Relevant measured values are recorded by sensors. The measured values can be read on digital displays. At the same time, the measured values can also be transmitted directly to a PC via USB. The data acquisition software is included. The refrigerant mass flow rate is calculated in the software from the recorded measured values.
The most important pressures are additionally indicated with manometers directly at the trainer. The software enables the representation of the cyclic process in the log p-h diagram.