In a compression refrigeration system a refrigerant flows through the refrigeration circuit and is subject to different changes of state. Here, the physical effect is used that during the transition of the refrigerant from a liquid to a gaseous state energy is required which is removed from the environment (evaporation enthalpy).
The experimental unit ET 350 represents a typical refrigeration circuit consisting of a hermetic piston compressor, condenser, expansion valve and evaporator. The evaporator and condenser are transparent to provide good monitoring of the phase transition process during evaporation and condensation. The operation of the float valve as expansion valve is also easy to observe. Before the entry into the evaporator the aggregate state of the refrigerant can be monitored at a sight glass. A water circuit cools the condenser or supplies the cooling load for the evaporator. Cold and hot water and refrigerant flows are adjustable. The low pressure level of the refrigerant used permits the use of an evaporator and condenser out of glass.
Temperatures and pressures are recorded and displayed. The key points of the cyclic process can be read and entered into a log p-h diagram. The power of the compressor and flow rates of the water flows and the refrigerant are also indicated.