Fluidised beds are used in a broad range of applications, e.g. for industrial drying, fluidised bed combustion or heat treatment of materials. Bulk solids are transformed from a fixed bed into a fluidised bed when fluids pass through them. In terms of fluid mechanical and thermodynamic properties, the fluidised bed behaves like an incompressible fluid.
The heat transfer between hot fluid and a fixed bed occurs mainly through heat conduction. Due to the movement of the particles, the fluid and the particles are very well mixed in the fluidised bed. This enables optimum heat transfer between fluid and particles and ensures an even temperature distribution in the reactor.
The core element in WL 225 is a backlit glass reactor which enables students to observe the fluidisation process. Compressed air flows upwards through a porous sintered-metal plate. On the sintered-metal plate is a fixed bed. If the velocity of the air is less than the so-called fluidisation velocity, the flow merely passes through the fixed bed. At higher velocities the bed is loosened to such an extent that individual solid particles are suspended by the fluid and form a fluidised bed. The air escapes through a filter at the top end of the glass reactor.
The air flow rate is set via a valve. A submersible heating element in the reactor enables examination of the heat transfer in the fluidised bed.
Sensors record the pressure at the inlet into the reactor and in the fluidised bed, the air flow rate, the heating power, pressure and temperatures at the air inlet of the reactor, on the surface of the heating element and in the fluidised bed. The measured values can be read on digital displays. At the same time, the measured values can also be transmitted directly to a PC via USB. The data acquisition software is included.
Aluminium oxide in various particle sizes is included in the scope of delivery as bulk solid.