In complex systems, pumps can be connected in series or in parallel. In series operation the heads are added together and in parallel operation, the flow rates of the pumps are added. Series and parallel configuration of pumps behave similar to series and parallel configuration of electric resistances in electric circuits. The pump correlates with the electric resistance, the flow correlates with the electric current and the head with the voltage.
With HM 150.16 pumps are studied individually, in series and in parallel configuration.
The experimental unit contains two identical centrifugal pumps and an intake tank with overflow. The overflow ensures a constant suction head in the tank, regardless of the water supply. Ball valves in the pipes allow easy switching between series and parallel operation.
Pressures at inlet and outlet of the two pumps are displayed on manometers.
The experimental unit is positioned easily and securely on the work surface of the HM 150 base module. The water is supplied and the flow rate measured by HM 150. Alternatively, the experimental unit can be operated by the laboratory supply.